Original Research

The shifting landscape of African-Pentecostalism in Kenya

Julius M. Gathogo
Theologia Viatorum | Vol 46, No 1 | a121 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/tv.v46i1.121 | © 2022 Julius M. Gathogo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 06 May 2021 | Published: 13 January 2022

About the author(s)

Julius M. Gathogo, Department of Christian Spirituality, Church History and Missiology, Faculty of Humanities, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa; Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Faculty of Humanities, Kenyatta University, Mombasa, Kenya; Department of Theology, Faculty of Theology, ANCCI, Amarillo, TX, United States


I define African Pentecostalism as the Pentecostal thread that embraces some elements of African culture, without necessarily admitting it. It embraces some elements of the African heritage consciously or unconsciously. This research article sets on the premise that African Pentecostalism is the ideal phrase when referring to Pentecostalism in Africa. This drives us to consider the uniqueness of Pentecostalism in Africa rather than generalising its presence. This article seeks to demonstrate that African Pentecostalism in the 21st-century Kenya has undergone paradigm shifts in various dimensions, which includes leadership structuring, political orientations, modes of disciplining, eschatological concern, structural make-up, economic domain, health concern, ecumenical relations, gender relations, identity politics, theological education, poverty concern, use of science and technology, and general practices. Has the religious outfits that referred the earthly concerns as temporal tents and largely focused on the ‘eternal house in heaven, not built by human hands’ (2 Cor 5:1) appreciated the necessity of God’s kingdom and will-being ‘done on earth, as it is in heaven’ (Mt 6:10)? In light of the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), has the ecclesiastical model that was too conservative become liberal in nature? The methodology includes interviews with selected people who are connected to this topic, participant observation and through an extensive review of the relevant literature.


African Pentecostalism; from ministries to church; shifting landscapes; African heritage; COVID-19; Full Gospel Churches of Kenya


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Crossref Citations

1. The Use of Science and Technology Among Afro-Pentecostals: A Theo-Historical Perspective from the Kenyan Context
Julius Gathogo
Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae  year: 2023  
doi: 10.25159/2412-4265/12782