Original Research

Reimagining socio-economic well-being through the integration of Arthashastra’s economic treatise and Madhva’s philosophical notion on social cohesion

Mathias Yuvan Shunmugam, Maniraj Sukdaven
Theologia Viatorum | Vol 46, No 1 | a139 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/tv.v46i1.139 | © 2022 Mathias Yuvan Shunmugam, Maniraj Sukdaven | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 September 2021 | Published: 22 February 2022

About the author(s)

Mathias Yuvan Shunmugam, Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Maniraj Sukdaven, Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa


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Abstract

The current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic that has ravaged glocal societies of both developed and developing countries, has once again shown that there are some phenomena that are no respecters of societies. This is clearly observed in the most recent COVID-19 global statistics, where the most advanced country in the world has the greatest number of infections and deaths. Globally, there are 171.5 million COVID-19 cases, 153.7 million recoveries and 3.6 million deaths (worldmeters.info/coronavirus accessed 01 June 2021). Not only has COVID-19 devastated both developed and developing countries, but has also demonstrated the widening gulf between the rich and the poor. The Minority World were able to secure millions of vaccine doses for their citizens, while the Majority World had to wait in line. We have also witnessed an uprising recently (July 2021) in two of South African provinces of social dissolution where socio-economic and racial tension resulted in a number of deaths. It is within this context that this study aimed to examine how the integration of Arthashastra’s economic treatise and Madhva’s philosophical notion on social cohesion, can contribute to a just socio-economic society. Even though Arthashastra’s economic treatise and Madhva’s philosophical notion of social cohesion are common within Hinduism, and more specifically related to India, the global community will benefit from implementing the salient features from it for application in their contexts.

Keywords

theology; religion; Hinduism; Madhva; socio-economic; social cohesion; philosophy; Arthashastra

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