Original Research

The one-sided view of VaTsonga marital endurance, Vukati VA Kandza hi Mbilu: A challenge to pastoral care

Hundzukani P. Khosa-Nkatini, Dee Khosa
Theologia Viatorum | Vol 46, No 1 | a167 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/tv.v46i1.167 | © 2022 Hundzukani P. Khosa-Nkatini, Dee Khosa | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 June 2022 | Published: 19 October 2022

About the author(s)

Hundzukani P. Khosa-Nkatini, Department of Safety and Security Management, Faculty of Humanties and Social Sciences, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa; and National Institute for the Humanities and Social Sciences (NIHSS), Johannesburg, South Africa
Dee Khosa, Department of Safety and Security Management, Faculty of Humanties and Social Sciences, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa

Abstract

Vukati VA Kandza hi Mbilu is a Xitsonga idiomatic expression implying that the road to marital success is for a wife to endure hardships. This idiomatic expression is firmly embedded in patriarchal beliefs, as it is only applicable to wives and not husbands. From time immemorial, the VaTsonga people have been aware of the complexities of marriage. Although they regard it as being a vital step towards full adulthood and maturity, they have several sayings which point out that marriage is not an easy undertaking, such as the well-known saying, Vukati VA Kandza hi Mbilu. The purpose of this article was to examine the VaTsonga idiomatic expression Vukati VA Kandza hi Mbilu, as well as its impact on VaTsonga marriages and patriarchy in VaTsonga marriages. Furthermore, the study provided recommendations to pastoral caregivers to promote gender equality and discourage the abuse of women in Tsonga marriages. A literature review methodological approach was adopted in this research to indicate that the idiomatic expression Vukati VA Kandza hi Mbilu chimes well with the patriarchal mindset of VaTsonga people with regards to marriage in general. Culture is patriarchal and this is general knowledge; therefore, this article argued that women are told and taught to accept male patriarchal rule along with the injustice and hardships that it causes them. Hence, this article challenged practical theology to play a role in fighting against this Tsonga patriarchal rule of marriage.

Contribution: In the light of the above-named challenges, the one-sided view of VaTsonga marriage endurance and its patriarchal nature was discussed. Practical theology was called to respond to these issues, as it can play a significant role in challenging pastoral care to respond to such patriarchal VaTsonga idioms.


Keywords

Tsonga; marriage; practical theology; pastoral care; culture; African; Vukati VA Kandza hi Mbilu; tradition.

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