Original Research

Tsonga widow's mourning rituals practices in the Evangelical Presbyterian Church in South Africa. A ritual-liturgical exploration

Hundzukani P. Khosa-Nkatini, Cas J. Wepener, Esias E. Meyer
Theologia Viatorum | Vol 44, No 1 | a37 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/tv.v44i1.37 | © 2020 Hundzukani P. Khosa-Nkatini, Cas J. Wepener, Esias E. Meyer | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 01 September 2019 | Published: 23 June 2020

About the author(s)

Hundzukani P. Khosa-Nkatini, Department of Practical Theology, Faculty of Theology & Religion, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Cas J. Wepener, Department of Practical Theology, Faculty of Theology & Religion, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Esias E. Meyer, Department of Old Testament Studies, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa


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Abstract

This article studies the rituals and ceremonies that are practised by Tsonga widows at a village in Giyani in Limpopo. The research is based on the observation of the exclusion of widows from church attendance and activities in the Evangelical Presbyterian Church in South Africa (EPCSA). The study was conducted among Tsonga-speaking widows in the Tsonga community. The exclusion of widows is respected and understood by members of the church because they believe in respecting people’s cultural and traditional beliefs. This article attempts to study the conflict between Christianity and Tsonga mourning rituals and practices in the EPCSA. This is a qualitative study; however, literature is also included. Mourning rituals are presented and analysed to attempt to find ways in which practical theology can help the Tsonga widows in the EPCSA through liturgical inculturation as they undertake the mourning period. The authors recommend that a study on the effectiveness of mourning rituals for Tsonga widows would be fruitful for the EPCSA.

Keywords

Tsonga; widows; rituals; culture; period; mourning; women; husband; death; African; church; Evangelical Presbyterian Church; rites

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