Original Research

Nhimbe as a model for re-invigorating sustainable socio-economic development in Zimbabwe and Africa

Takesure Mahohoma, Prosper Muzambi
Theologia Viatorum | Vol 45, No 1 | a51 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/tv.v45i1.51 | © 2021 Takesure Mahohoma, Prosper Muzambi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 20 January 2020 | Published: 03 September 2021

About the author(s)

Takesure Mahohoma, Department of Christian Spirituality, College of Human Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Prosper Muzambi, Department of African Heritage and Religious Studies, Faculty of Humanities, Great Zimbabwe University, Mashava, Zimbabwe


This research looks at the nhimbe activities in major areas of development, especially in the area of agriculture, politics, economics and religion. The article endeavours to show that the nhimbe as a traditional model can be used as a hinge for sustainable and integral development. It is also a source of livelihood that assures that everyone in the community is accommodated and taken care of. The Shona nhimbe concept is treated as a viable approach that is in line with a response to the September 2015 world leaders’ resolutions that focused on sustainable development. It is argued in this research that the nhimbe philosophy can be used as a response to Goal 1 of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for sustainable development that says ‘No Poverty’. The study also identifies the state and communities as integral partners (Goal 17 on partnerships for the goals). The research further highlights the areas where communities and the state can cooperate to improve the lives of communities, thereby creating a responsible citizenry.


nhimbe; collaborative ministry; sustainable community development; mushandirapamwe; economic development.


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